Health Risks

Hypertension

The risk for high blood pressure can increase even more when heredity combines with unhealthy lifestyle choices, such as smoking cigarettes and eating an unhealthy diet.

DEMO Result

Based on your genetics, your personal predicted risk is

12.35


Your risk for Hypertension also depends on other factors, including lifestyle and genetic variants not covered by this test.

The population risk for Hypertension is 35.3

How To Use This Test


This test SHOULD NOT be used to diagnose Hypertension or any other health conditions.


Please talk to a healthcare professional if you have a family history, if you think you might have this condition or if you have any concerns about your results.

Intended Uses

This predicted personal genetic risk merely considers the genetic/genotype effect towards the disease in an individual without taking into account the environmental factors such as lifestyles, diet and their environment

This result is based on the SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphism) that are associated with Hypertension.

Read more


Limitations

The results of this test do not diagnose Hypertension or related conditions. This should not be used as a diagnostic tool.

This result does not include all possible variants or genes associated with Hypertension.

This result is limited to existing scientific research.

Lifestyle & Other Risk Factors Can Influence The Risk of Developing Hypertension

Genetics are NOT the only risk factor for Hypertension.

Hypertension is believed to be caused by a combination of environmental, genetic and lifestyle factors. Now that you have learnt about your genetic risk, you can determine how aggressively you need to make lifestyle changes to reduce your risk.

The earlier in your life that you commit to living a healthy lifestyle, the more you can reduce your risk for or delay the development of Hypertension.

Family
Family History

If your parents or other close blood relatives have high blood pressure, there’s an increased chance of developing high blood pressure.

Age
Age

As we age, our blood vessels gradually lose some of their elastic quality, which can contribute to increased blood pressure.

Gender
Gender

Until age 64, men are more likely to get high blood pressure than women are. At 65 and older, women are more likely to get high blood pressure.

Weight
Weight

Being overweight or obese, and the lack of physical activities increases the risk of developing high blood pressure.

Diet
Diet

A diet that is too high in salt consumption, as well as calories, saturated and trans fat and sugar, carries an additional risk of high blood pressure.

Smoking
Smoking

Using tobacco can cause your blood pressure to temporarily increase and can contribute to damaged arteries. Secondhand smoke, exposure to other people’s smoke, also increases the risk of heart disease for nonsmokers.

Suggested Lifestyle Changes

Lifestyle Recommendations

1

Quit smoking since smoking is one of the major risk factor for high blood pressure.

2

Maintain a healthy weight

3

Aim to increase your physical activity. Have modest levels of aerobic exercise on a regular basis (e.g. brisk walk or a swim for 30-45 min, 3-4x a week). However, isometric exercise e.g. heavy weight lifting should be avoided.

Dietary Recommendations

1

Aim to have a healthier dietary regime including eating more fruits, vegetables and fish, and reducing saturated fat intake.

2

Aim to reduce your salt intake by avoiding processed (fried food, canned food, fast food) foods which commonly contain high salt (sodium) content.

3

Moderation of alcohol consumption

What Is Hypertension
and How Can It Affect You

What is Hypertension

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, refers to the force of the body’s blood pushing against the inner walls of the blood vessels, especially the arteries (blood vessels in the heart). Each time the heart contracts, it pumps blood into the arteries.

Blood pressure is not constant throughout the day, it is lowest when you’re sleeping and it can also go up when you are excited, nervous or physically active.

A healthy blood pressure is below 120/80 mmHg (millimetres of mercury), expressed verbally as 120 over 80. A blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg or higher indicates high blood pressure in subjects who are not taking antihypertensive medication or better known as medication for high blood pressure.

Blood pressure is measured both by the amount of blood the heart pumps and the amount of resistance for blood flow in your arteries. When the arteries are tighten or becomes constricted, the heart has to put in more effort to pump blood into the small spaces of the artery, an this creates pressure inside the artery.

How Does High Blood Pressure Affect You?

1. Stroke
Cerebral hemorrhage is due to the artery in the brain bursting and causing a blood clot in the brain which stops the flow of blood. Blood clot is a clump of blood which has become semi-solid.
Cerebral infarction known as stroke, happens when the brain cells die due insufficient blood supply forming something like an wound.

2. Coronary heart disease
The accumulation of plaque (fat,cholesterol) in the blood vessels of heart (artery) is known as arteriosclerosis. High blood pressure adds extra force to the blood vessels of the heart. In a long run high blood pressure can damage the arteries, making them more susceptible to the narrowing and plaque accumulation related to atherosclerosis. Narrowed artery limits or blocks the blood flow to the heart muscle. This prevents the heart from getting enough oxygen supply. When this progressfurther, patients can get chest pain when they exert themselves. The hardened artery due fat deposits will likely be prone to have small blood clots than can cause heart attack or stroke.

3. Kidney damage
Lack of blood supply to the kidney can also damage the kidney

4. Eye damage
High blood pressure can cause the tiny blood vessels of the eye to bleed if you have diabetes. A condition known as retinopathy which can cause blindness.

What Are The Symptoms Of Hypertension?

High blood pressure is known as the silent killer as it hardly shows any symptoms. The only way to detect high blood pressure is when the blood pressure reading is taken. In some cases people with high blood pressure may experience:

If you have a family history of this condition or think you have the symptoms, consult with a healthcare professional.

Understanding Your Results

How Is Your Genetic Risk Calculated?

Your genetic risk assessment is

12.35

Genes tested

This result is calculated based on the following SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphism) that are associated with Hypertension.

GenesYour GenotypeWhat It Means
AGTR1AATypical
STK39AGAssociated with risk of hypertension

Limitations

This report does not diagnose any health conditions or provide medical advice. This should not be used as a diagnostic tool.

This result is limited to existing scientific research.

Consult with a healthcare professional before making any major lifestyle changes or if you have any other concerns about your results.