Fitness Stress Fracture

Based on your genetics, your genetic predisposition for Stress Fracture is


What does this mean?

 Your genotypes are associated with increased risk of stress fracture.

How Is Your Genetic Risk Calculated?

This result is based on the SNPs(single nucleotide polymorphism)that are associated with Stress Fracture.

Your Genotype
What it means?
Genes: RANK
Your Genotype: AA
What it means? Higher association with stress fracture
Genes: RANKL
Your Genotype: AA
What it means? Higher risk of stress fracture injury compared to G allele carrier.
Genes: P2X7R
Your Genotype: AA
What it means? Less likely to suffer from stress fractures compared to C allele carrier.


This report does not diagnose any health conditions or provide medical advice. This should not be used as a diagnostic tool.
This result is limited to existing scientific research.
Please consult with a healthcare professional before making any major lifestyle changes or if you have any other concerns about your results.

What is Stress Fracture?

Stress fracture is the condition when one of your bones has tiny cracks that are caused by overuse such as jumping up and down repeatedly or running for long distances. This partial fracture of the bone is due to the repetitive amounts of stress hitting the same spot on the bone without giving the bone time to recover and adapting properly to stress in time. If it is left untreated, this will lead to complete fracturing of the bone affected. Stress fracture can be divided into 2 subtypes, which are fatigue fracture and insufficiency fracture. Fatigue fracture happens when an abnormal repetitive stress affects a normal bone, mostly affecting physically active people like athletes, dancers and soldiers. Insufficiency fracture, meanwhile, happens when normal repetitive stress affects a mineral deficient bone. This usually happens in elderly individuals that have developed weakened bones typically seen in conditions such as osteoporosis.

How It Affects Your Body

Stress fractures occur most often in the second and third mid foot bones, which are very thin bones. This is the area that is most heavily affected as you push off to walk or run.

It is also common in the heel, the outer bone of the lower leg and ankle, small bone in the ankle joint, and the bones on the top of the midfoot.


Suggested Lifestyle Changes

Dietary Recommendations:

  1. To prevent stress fracture, New York University Langone Orthopedic Center recommends eating food that are rich in vitamin D and calcium. For example, leafy greens, yogurt, eggs and salmon.
  2. Include calcium and vitamin D in your diet or supplement. Daily intake of 2000 mg calcium and 800 IU vitamin D can protect you from stress fracture.
  3. Individuals who are active in sports are advised to maintain adequate vitamin D intake as it has been shown to reduce the risk of stress fracture.
  4. Reduce caffeine intake as it is negatively associated with bone mineral density and increases the risk of stress fracture.

Lifestyle Recommendations:

  1. Having a healthy BMI is important as having a lower BMI (underweight) is shown to have an increased risk of fracture.
  2. Smokers and individuals who drink more than 10 alcoholic drinks in a week are more likely to develop stress fractures. Thus, it is recommended to reduce or refrain from smoking and drinking.

Exercise Recommendations:

  1. Be sure to warm up before starting your exercise.
  2. Wear proper footwear that is suitable for your feet and the physical activities that you participate in.
  3. To reduce the risk of stress fracture, corrective sports movements are recommended to reduce bone overloading.
  4. Avoid or reduce training exercise in a bad training area (eg. uneven, irregular, or very rigid surface) that may cause bone overloading.
  5. Avoid abrupt increases in the intensity and volume of training. If you intend to increase your exercise intensity, do it gradually.
  6. Exercise regularly as studies have shown that a longer history of exercise further decreases the relative risk of fracture.
  7. Have a properly planned physical activity program with adequate recovery time. Adequate amount of rest and recovery period after participation in training and competition is necessary to allow for healing of microtrauma to bones.
  8. Individuals at risk of stress fracture should do cross-training and alternative training using devices like aquatic treadmills or anti-gravity treadmills. These allow runners to maintain cardiovascular fitness and running form while minimising ground reaction forces to the lower extremities.

Result Explanation Recommendations:

    Schedule a consultation session with us
    Get Complementary Consultation.
    If you think you have the symptoms, consult with a healthcare professional.