Weight Management Snacking

Based on your genetics, your genetic predisposition for Snacking is

Normal
Low
Normal
High

What does this mean?

 Your genotype is associated with typical prevalence of snacking.

How Is Your Genetic Risk Calculated?

This result is based on the SNPs(single nucleotide polymorphism)that are associated with Snacking.

Genes
Your Genotype
What it means?
Genes: MC4R
Your Genotype: TT
What it means? Typical
!

Limitations

This report does not diagnose any health conditions or provide medical advice. This should not be used as a diagnostic tool.
This result is limited to existing scientific research.
Please consult with a healthcare professional before making any major lifestyle changes or if you have any other concerns about your results.

What is Snacking?

Snacking refers to the consumption of food or beverages between main meals, i.e. breakfast, lunch and dinner, or eating a light meal. Snacking happens because there is a need to reduce hunger before the meal hour without exceeding the daily calorie need. Snacking is not eating to satiety but rather it is a stopgap and, depending on what you choose, it might actually make you hungrier later. Snacking can become a concern when it exceeds your daily energy requirements while providing little nutrients, contributing to weight gain and other health-related problems. This includes snacking on foods with low nutritional qualities such as high-fat, and/or added sugars, and low-fiber. However, healthy snacking such as eating low-fat foods, high-protein snacks like energy bars, or smaller meals would not result in weight gain, but rather boost your intake of fibers and antioxidants that promote health. Fiber-rich snacks are also said to enhance satiety (feeling of fullness after eating) and avoid consumption during the next meal. An ideal snack is one that is nutrient-dense with low amounts of calories, sugar and salt. Hence, the type and amount of snacks consumed in a day are crucial factors to determine the effect of snacking on your health and body weight. Apart from the type or amount of snacks, lifestyle can contribute to snacking habits. Studies have shown that television viewing and playing video games are often associated with snacking. Sedentary lifestyles especially in the urban setting have caused easy access to foods and beverages of poor nutritional quality. This also results in little consumption of fruits and vegetables.

How It Affects Your Body

Consumption of snacks does not usually affect your body weight when done in moderation. However, frequent snacking will cause a person to consume more calories than what is needed. If the body is unable to burn these excess calories quickly, it can result in weight gain. Apart from being overweight, snacking frequently may also result in water retention and raised blood pressure due to high intake of salt, which are commonly found in most snacks. In addition, eating too much sugary or sweetened snacks may also cause a rise in blood sugar levels that is often associated with type II diabetes.

Suggested Lifestyle Changes

Dietary Recommendations:

  1. Choose healthy snacks like vegetables, fruits, dairy food (e.g. cheese, yogurt, low-fat milk), starchy food (e.g. whole grains, breads, crackers), unsalted nuts and seeds.
  2. Limit nutrient-poor snacks that have high salt, sugar or saturated fat content such as cookies, cakes, chocolate, sugar-sweetened beverages or candies.

Result Explanation Recommendations:

  1. Get enough sleep every night on a regular basis. It is recommended by the American Heart Association that every adult should sleep at least 7 hours per night for optimal health. This is essential for maintaining general well-being, regulating satiety, and controlling calorie intake.
  2. Limit your food portion by using a smaller plate and fork can help to avoid excessive eating.
  3. Stressful events can sometimes trigger binge eating habits. Look for alternative ways to relieve stress such as exercising, listening to music, reading, etc. instead of resorting to eating mindlessly.
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