Health Risks Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Based on your genetics, your genetic predisposition for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is


What does this mean?

 Your genotypes indicate that you are less likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

How Is Your Genetic Risk Calculated?

Your genetic risk assessment is


This result is based on the SNPs(single nucleotide polymorphism)that are associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Your Genotype
What it means?
Genes: CLOCK
Your Genotype: CT
What it means? Typical
Genes: DBH
Your Genotype: CC
What it means? Typical
Genes: SNAP25_3'-UTR
Your Genotype: TT
What it means? Significantly increased risk


This report does not diagnose any health conditions or provide medical advice. This should not be used as a diagnostic tool.
This result is limited to existing scientific research.
Please consult with a healthcare professional before making any major lifestyle changes or if you have any other concerns about your results.

What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a childhood-onset neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by developmentally inappropriate and impairing inattention, motor hyperactivity, and impulsivity, with difficulties often continuing into adolescence and adulthood. ADHD is a mental illness of neuron development that can be reliably diagnosed in children, adolescents and adults. It is a condition that makes an individual difficult to remain focused. This may affect decision-making as well. ADHD is a diagnostic category in the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th edition (DSM-IV)1 and the more recent DSM-5. The DSM-IV-TR criteria include onset by age 7, impaired functioning in at least 2 settings (home, work, school, job), and more than 6 months of duration. Three subtypes of the syndrome are currently recognised: predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, and the combined type, which is the most common and typically more severe and with more comorbidity. Between 90 to 95% of adolescents and adults with ADHD manifest the inattention cluster of symptoms at least as a component of their disorder. Of interest, the combined subtype of ADHD may simply represent a more severe and debilitating presentation of ADHD (e.g. more symptoms) and there may be relatively more stability of the subtype with development. In the general population, the estimated prevalence of ADHD in children is 3.4% according to the most recent meta-analysis. International comparisons show that prevalence does not vary by geographical location but is affected by heterogeneity in assessment methods (eg, use of an additional informant to the parent or carer) and diagnostic conventions (e.g., ICD vs DSM). There is a marked under-representation of studies on ADHD from low-income and middle-income countries. An excess of affected male individuals is a strongly consistent epidemiological finding, although the male:female ratio of 3-4:1 recorded in epidemiological samples is increased in clinic populations to around 7-8:1, suggesting referral bias in relation to female patients with ADHD.

How It Affects Your Body

ADHD can be caused by genetic or environmental factors. It can be characterised by the decrease in volume of the left side of the brain and changes in some brain structures. The imbalance of brain chemicals responsible for cell-to-cell communication affects the normal function of the brain which is to interpret signals and trigger right behaviour at a particular time.


Risk Factors Can Influence The Risk of Developing Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Genetics are NOT the only risk factor for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is believed to be caused by a combination of environmental, genetic and lifestyle factors. Now that you have learnt about your genetic risk, you can determine how aggressively you need to make lifestyle changes to reduce your risk.
The earlier in your life that you commit to living a healthy lifestyle, the more you can reduce your risk for or delay the development of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Suggested Lifestyle Changes

Dietary Recommendations:

  1. Certain food sensitivities (commonly those caused by sugar, sweeteners, artificial food colourants, and other additives) may impact ADHD symptoms. Consider an elimination diet to identify any food sensitivities affecting ADHD symptoms in children.
  2. Consume foods that are rich in Iron, such as spinach, beans, grains, dried fruit.
  3. Consume more foods that are rich in Zinc, such as chickpeas, meat, oyster, etc.
  4. Consume foods that are rich in Magnesium, such as spinach, kale, avocado, banana, raspberries, peas, broccoli.
  5. Add more O-mega 3 to your diet, which can be found in tuna and salmon.

Lifestyle Recommendations:

  1. Stop screen time at least 1 hour before bedtime to reduce blue light usage, which disrupts sleep. This includes smartphones, tablets, TV, computer and video gaming devices.
  2. For children, set a bedtime routine by telling them a story or singing them a song before bedtime.
  3. Avoid totally or do not take caffeine, alcohol, nicotine or other stimulants in the evening.
  4. Reducing the dinner portion may help with better digestion and better sleep quality.
  5. Avoid taking a nap in the middle of the day.
  6. Create a sleep conducive environment by sleeping in a quiet, dark and cool ambience
  7. you are recommended to use ear plugs or eye mask if necessary.
  8. Develop a pre-sleep routine by having relaxing activities and avoiding stress related work.
  9. Establish a consistent sleep schedule to have a set biological clock.

Exercise Recommendations:

  1. Regular physical activity has been reported to decrease the severity of ADHD symptoms.
  2. Don? stick to only one workout routine. Explore more exercises like martial arts, basketball, dance, muscle learning, aerobic, etc.

Result Explanation Recommendations:

  1. Avoid long exposure to chlorinated pool
  2. Carry a towel to wipe off sweats to prevent skin irritation.
  3. Drink plenty of water before, during exercise and after to avoid dry skin.
  4. Try to reduce the dryness of the skin, primarily via daily use of skin moisturising creams or emollients, along with avoidance of specific and unspecific irritants such as allergens and non-cotton clothing.
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If you think you have the symptoms, consult with a healthcare professional.