Health Risks Hypertension

Based on your genetics, your genetic predisposition for Hypertension is

Normal
12.35
0%
8.24
31.1
100%

What does this mean?

 Your genotypes indicate that you have normal risk for Hypertension.

How Is Your Genetic Risk Calculated?

Your genetic risk assessment is

12.35

This result is based on the SNPs(single nucleotide polymorphism)that are associated with Hypertension.

Genes
Your Genotype
What it means?
Genes: AGTR1
Your Genotype: AA
What it means? Typical
Genes: STK39
Your Genotype: GG
What it means? Typical
!

Limitations

This report does not diagnose any health conditions or provide medical advice. This should not be used as a diagnostic tool.
This result is limited to existing scientific research.
Please consult with a healthcare professional before making any major lifestyle changes or if you have any other concerns about your results.

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, refers to the force of the body’s blood pushing against the inner walls of the blood vessels, especially the arteries (blood vessels in the heart). Each time the heart contracts, it pumps blood into the arteries.

Blood pressure is not constant throughout the day, it is lowest when you’re sleeping and it can also go up when you are excited, nervous or physically active.

A healthy blood pressure is below 120/80 mmHg (millimetres of mercury), expressed verbally as 120 over 80. A blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg or higher indicates high blood pressure in subjects who are not taking antihypertensive medication or better known as medication for high blood pressure.

Blood pressure is measured both by the amount of blood the heart pumps and the amount of resistance for blood flow in your arteries. When the arteries are tighten or becomes constricted, the heart has to put in more effort to pump blood into the small spaces of the artery, an this creates pressure inside the artery.

How does high blood pressure affect you?

1. Stroke
Cerebral hemorrhage is due to the artery in the brain bursting and causing a blood clot in the brain which stops the flow of blood. Blood clot is a clump of blood which has become semi-solid.
Cerebral infarction known as stroke, happens when the brain cells die due insufficient blood supply forming something like an wound.

2. Coronary heart disease
The accumulation of plaque (fat,cholesterol) in the blood vessels of heart (artery) is known as arteriosclerosis. High blood pressure adds extra force to the blood vessels of the heart. In a long run high blood pressure can damage the arteries, making them more susceptible to the narrowing and plaque accumulation related to atherosclerosis. Narrowed artery limits or blocks the blood flow to the heart muscle. This prevents the heart from getting enough oxygen supply. When this progressfurther, patients can get chest pain when they exert themselves. The hardened artery due fat deposits will likely be prone to have small blood clots than can cause heart attack or stroke.

3. Kidney damage
Lack of blood supply to the kidney can also damage the kidney

4. Eye damage
High blood pressure can cause the tiny blood vessels of the eye to bleed if you have diabetes. A condition known as retinopathy which can cause blindness.

What are the symptoms of hypertension?

Risk Factors Can Influence The Risk of Developing Hypertension

Genetics are NOT the only risk factor for Hypertension.
Hypertension is believed to be caused by a combination of environmental, genetic and lifestyle factors. Now that you have learnt about your genetic risk, you can determine how aggressively you need to make lifestyle changes to reduce your risk.
The earlier in your life that you commit to living a healthy lifestyle, the more you can reduce your risk for or delay the development of Hypertension.

Smoking

Using tobacco can cause your blood pressure to temporarily increase and can contribute to damaged arteries. Secondhand smoke, exposure to other people’s smoke, also increases the risk of heart disease for nonsmokers.

Diet

A diet that is too high in salt consumption, as well as calories, saturated and trans fat and sugar, carries an additional risk of high blood pressure.

Weight

Being overweight or obese, and the lack of physical activities increases the risk of developing high blood pressure.

Gender

Until age 64, men are more likely to get high blood pressure than women are. At 65 and older, women are more likely to get high blood pressure.

Age

As we age, our blood vessels gradually lose some of their elastic quality, which can contribute to increased blood pressure.

Family History

If your parents or other close blood relatives have high blood pressure, there’s an increased chance of developing high blood pressure.

Suggested Lifestyle Changes

Dietary Recommendations:

  1. Aim to have a healthier dietary regime including eating more fruits, vegetables and fish, and reducing saturated fat intake.
  2. Aim to reduce your salt intake by avoiding processed (fried food, canned food, fast food) foods which commonly contain high salt (sodium) content.
  3. Moderation of alcohol consumption

Lifestyle Recommendations:

  1. Quit smoking since smoking is one of the major risk factor for high blood pressure.
  2. Maintain a healthy weight
  3. Aim to increase your physical activity. Have modest levels of aerobic exercise on a regular basis (e.g. brisk walk or a swim for 30-45 min, 3-4x a week).
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