Health Risks Stroke

Based on your genetics, your genetic predisposition for Stroke is

Normal
1.91
0
20.94
100%

What does this mean?

 Your genotypes indicate that you have normal risk for Stroke.

How Is Your Genetic Risk Calculated?

Your genetic risk assessment is

1.91

This result is based on the SNPs(single nucleotide polymorphism)that are associated with Stroke.

Genes
Your Genotype
What it means?
Genes: ESR1
Your Genotype: TT
What it means? Typical
Genes: CDKN2A/CDKN2B
Your Genotype: AG
What it means? Increased risk
Genes: NINJ2_intron1
Your Genotype: AG
What it means? Increased risk
Genes: NINJ2_intron2
Your Genotype: AG
What it means? Typical
Genes: PON1
Your Genotype: AG
What it means? Increased risk
Genes: PRKCH
Your Genotype: AG
What it means? Increased risk
Genes: PDE4D_intron1
Your Genotype: TT
What it means? Increased risk
Genes: PDE4D_intron2
Your Genotype: CT
What it means? Typical
Genes: APLNR
Your Genotype: AG
What it means? Typical
!

Limitations

This report does not diagnose any health conditions or provide medical advice. This should not be used as a diagnostic tool.
This result is limited to existing scientific research.
Please consult with a healthcare professional before making any major lifestyle changes or if you have any other concerns about your results.

What is Stroke?

Stroke occurs when the blood flow in the brain is interrupted or reduced, preventing brain tissues from getting enough oxygen and nutrients. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die, which could affect memory and muscle control.

The blood flow to the brain can be interrupted due to blood clot formation in the blood vessel or a blood vessel that ruptures and stops the blood flow to the brain.

Stroke is also a leading cause of functional impairments, with 20% of survivors requiring institutional care after 3 months and 15% to 30% being permanently disabled.

How does stroke affects you?

The degree of which stroke affects a person depends on the location of the blood flow obstruction and the amount of brain tissue affected. Since one side of the brain controls the other side of the body, a stroke affecting one side of the brain will result in complications to the opposite side of the body.

If stroke happens in the left brain:
The right side of the body will be affected, therefore causing some or all of the effect as below
Paralysis occurs on the right side of the body
Speech/language disruption
Memory loss

If stroke happens in the right brain:
Left side of the body will be affected, causing some or all of the following
Paralysis happens on the left side of the body
Problem with vision
Memory loss

Symptoms of stroke

Risk Factors Can Influence The Risk of Developing Stroke

Genetics are NOT the only risk factor for Stroke.
Stroke is believed to be caused by a combination of environmental, genetic and lifestyle factors. Now that you have learnt about your genetic risk, you can determine how aggressively you need to make lifestyle changes to reduce your risk.
The earlier in your life that you commit to living a healthy lifestyle, the more you can reduce your risk for or delay the development of Stroke.

Weight

Excess body weight and obesity are linked with an increased risk of high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease and stroke. Losing as little as 2 to 5 kg can make a significant difference in your risks.

Diet

Diets high in saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol can raise blood cholesterol levels. Diets high in sodium (salt) can increase blood pressure. Diets with high calories can lead to obesity.

Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for stroke. Many people with diabetes also have high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and are overweight — increasing their risk even more.

Smoking

The nicotine and carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke damage the cardiovascular system and pave the way for a stroke.

Blood Pressure

High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a leading cause of stroke and the most significant controllable risk factor.

Family History

Having family members who had a stroke, especially before the age of 65, increases the risk of developing stroke.

Gender

Women have more strokes than men and stroke kills more women than men. Women tend to live longer than men and are older when they have a stroke.

Age

The likelihood of having a stroke increases with age for both males and females, and is more common in people above age 65.

Suggested Lifestyle Changes

Dietary Recommendations:

  1. Limiting the intake of saturated fats, salt (sodium) and alcohol while increasing the intake of fruits, vegetables, and potassium can help to reduce stroke risk.
  2. Modest consumption of fish (for example 1-2 servings/week) which contains omega-3 fatty acids may reduce the risk of stroke.
  3. Increase lycopene intake. Low levels of lycopene is associated with an increased risk of stroke. Lycopene can be found in red and pink plant and vegetables, for example: tomatoes, red carrots , watermelon, pink grapefruits.
  4. Reduce the intake of refined carbohydrates (processed foods: cakes, pasta,cookies, donuts), sugar and refined starches. Instead, take cereal fiber as it may help reduce stroke.
  5. Having a mediterranean diet can significantly decrease stroke risk. Mediterranean diet is rich in green leafy vegetables, fruits, nuts everyday, olive oil, and fish.

Lifestyle Recommendations:

  1. Maintain a healthy body weight and do more physical activities to reduce stroke risk. It is recommended do at least 150 minutes of activities like brisk walking or cycling every week.
  2. Quit smoking as studies have shown that stroke risk decreased significantly after stopping of cigarette smoking.
  3. Reduce alcohol consumption, as too much alcohol can cause high blood pressure and irregular heartbeat which increases the risk of having stroke.
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